WORK BREAKDOWN STRUCTURE AND NETWORK DIAGRAM

Relationships between Work Breakdown Structure and Network Diagram
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Abstract
When doing simple projects and those that are made up of small number of clear activities, it would be beneficial to take hold of the overall construction attempt with minimal difficulty. When a planned project is made up of a number of activities, it is advisable to arrange the activities in a certain way to permit communication of information and to retain an awareness of the diverse facets of the project. The peak level in the Work Breakdown Structure is made up of a single component which is the project. This paper discusses the principles behind Work breakdown structure and its relationship with network diagrams.
When doing simple projects and those that are made up of small number of clear activities, it would be beneficial to take hold of the overall construction attempt with minimal difficulty. On the contrary, majority of these projects for which official plans are organized are described with over a hundred or thousands of activities. The bigger the project, the greater would be the number of activities. Further, there will be higher details for which managers have to manage.
When a planned project is made up of a number of activities, it is advisable to arrange the activities in a certain way to permit communication of information and to retain an awareness of the diverse facets of the project (Brotherton, Fried, and Norman, 2008). While there are several approaches in which a plan can be arranged, one usual way is the Work Breakdown Structure or WBS, a convenient procedure for breaking up the complexity of the project in a logical way into elementary activities as well as work packages (Brotherton, Fried, and Norman, 2008). Some companies prefer to utilize a standard way of recognizing work packages that is common to projects that are similar to each other. Such work packages are coded so that the schedule and the costs can be managed well. A usual numerical system of accounting is then implemented to series of activities, with the intention that the coding signifies factors including the kind of substance involved or the place in the project. Fundamentally, the Work Breakdown Structure separates as well as subdivides the project into various elements, whether by phase, area, function, and other form of considerations (Brotherton, Fried, and Norman, 2008).
The peak level in the Work Breakdown Structure is made up of a single component which is the project (Brotherton, Fried, and Norman, 2008). Following this level, there are only a few items or elements. Naturally, the more the level goes down in the WBS, the lesser the elements are including the information. Notwithstanding the ways utilized to describe the components, specific jobs are to be described for the lowest stage in the hierarchy or the maximum stage of detail that is needed to sufficiently to handle and manage the construction procedure. The stage of detail utilize will be identified by the needs for scheduling and the functions of the individuals viewing the Work Breakdown Structure.
Project Management
A project management job serves several functions. This includes defining the scope of the project identifying decision-makers, stakeholders, as well as escalation procedures developing comprehensive task list estimating time demands increasing initial project organization flow chart recognizing the required budget and resources assess project requirements recognizing and evaluating perils preparing contingency plan recognizing interdependencies tracking and identifying crucial milestones getting involve in project phase review securing the required resources handling the change control procedure and reporting the status of the project (Haugan, 2008).
The primary objective of project planning is to direct execution (Haugan, 2008). Every single area of knowledge encompasses planning information. Included in the key outputs consist of a team contract a work breakdown structure a scope statement a schedule of the project and a list of all sorts of prioritized risks. A scope account is a text utilized to create and verify a common awareness of the project scope (Haugan, 2008). It must encompass a project validation a short account of the project`s outcomes a summary of all deliverables a report of what distinguishes success of the project. Following the completion of scope planning, the subsequent step is to additionally describe the work through breakdown into pieces. Project planning assists in improving the precision of cost, time, as well as resource estimates. It describes a baseline for presentation measurement as well as project control. In addition, project planning helps in communicating apparent work responsibilities.
Work Breakdown Structure
A work breakdown structure (WBS) is a grouping of the work implicated in a project that describes the overall extent of the project (Haugan, 2008). It is a groundwork paper in project management since it offers the groundwork for planning as well as managing project costs, schedules, and series of changes. There are several approaches in developing Work Breakdown Structures including the use of guidelines. A number of organizations such as the delivery on date offer instructions for preparing the WBS. The analogy approach seeks to review the Work Breakdown Structures projects that are similar to each other and tailor them to the main project (E-education.psu.edu, 2014). The top-down approach begins with the biggest articles of the project and break down these articles (E-education.psu.edu, 2014). The bottom-up approach begins with the comprehensive tasks and subsequently rolls them up (E-education.psu.edu, 2014). The mind-mapping approach seeks to jot down responsibilities in a non-linear pattern and then form the WBS structure (E-education.psu.edu, 2014).
Some of the fundamental principles in creating WBS include the following: a work unit must appear at a single place in the Work Breakdown Structure. The content of the work of a Work Breakdown Structure item is the overall outcome of the items below the WBS. A WBS piece is the accountability of only a single individual, even though many people may be working on it. The Work Breakdown Structure with the manner in which work is going to be conducted. It must handle the project team initially as well as other purposes merely if practical. Members of the project team must be involved in establishing the Work Breakdown Structure to make certain buy-in and consistency. The Work Breakdown Structure should be a flexible instrument to contain expected changed while appropriately keeping control of the content of the work in the project based on the scope statement. Project network illustrations are the favored method for demonstrating action sequencing. A project network illustration is a graphic display of the rational associations among project activities.
Network Diagrams
Network diagrams are graphic illustrations of project schedule and the interdependencies amid these undertakings (Brotherton, Fried, and Norman, 2008). When established appropriately, this graphical representation of a project`s activities delivers crucial schedule features needed to efficiently examine and regulate schedules – therefore leading in feasible and accurate schedules. This article deals with items that must be taken into account in the expansion of a network illustration, the manner in which network diagrams are formed, and the way they may be examined to recognize needed corrective actions and make certain best possible schedule description. Network diagrams can be formed manually yet are likewise accessible as project visions in project preparation instruments including Microsoft Project. The Project Team encompasses Work Breakdown Structures project effort in the network illustration to guarantee wide-ranging manifestation of project activities.
References
Brotherton, S. A., Fried, R. T. & Norman, E. S. (2008). Applying the work breakdown structure to the project management lifecycle. pp. 1–15.
E-education.psu.edu. (2014). The work breakdown structure | geog 584: geospatial technology project management. [online] Retrieved from: https://www.e-education.psu.edu/geog584/l5_p3.html [Accessed: 16 Jan 2014].
Haugan, G. T. (2008). Work breakdown structures for projects, programs, and enterprises. Vienna, VA: Management Concepts.