York City than other places.
Currently, technological advancement allows scientists to predict the
occurrence of natural calamities, but preventing their impacts on people
and the environment may be difficult. The Sandy hurricane was a storm
that hit the New York City causing destruction in the highly populated
areas of the city. The Sandy hurricane occurred on October 29 in the
year 2012 when it caused major destruction in the New Jersey before
spreading to the densely populated areas of the New York City (FEMA 1).
The hurricane destroyed property and polluted the environment through
the forceful winds (at a speed of about 100 miles per hour) that
demolished infrastructure and floods that swept people and property.
This paper will provide a discussion of significant effects caused by
the Sandy hurricane in the city of New York. The Sandy hurricane was one
of the deadliest storms in the history of the United States, which
caused significant economic, sociological, and environmental impacts in
the New York City.
The hurricane Sandy caused significant economic effects to the New York
City, businesses, and individual survivors. The storm destroyed power
lines results in an unexpected power surge in almost the entire city.
Over 670,000 residential and business premises (including hospitals)
were left without the supply of electricity within the New York City
alone (Fox News Latino 1). Major operations, especially in hospitals
were affected and subjected many people to the indirect impacts of the
storm. For example, over 200 critically ill patients (20 of them being
babies hospitalized in the neonatal intensive care) had to be rescued
from the New York University’s Tisch health facility after the back-up
generator stopped working. In addition, the Sandy hurricane destroyed
some of the most important infrastructural facilities that connect and
facilitate business operations within the city and between the city and
other parts of the United States. The thirteen-foot storm surge
destroyed infrastructure and flooded three airports located in the New
York City, subways, bridges, Broadway theaters, institutions of
learning, and the stock exchange (Fox News Latino 1).
Apart from the direct destruction caused by speedy winds and floods, the
Sandy hurricane caused fire outbreak that increased the rate and amount
of property destroyed. It was estimated that more than 50 residential
premises in the New York City were consumed by brazes of fire, which the
rescue missions more difficult. The majority of fire outbreaks resulted
explosions at power substations, which were caused by the storm. For
example, the substation located in the 14 Th Street exploded in the same
night causing power surge and destructive fire (Fox News Latino 1).
Looting was another indirect economic impact caused by the Sandy
hurricane in the city. Looters targeted demolished homes, stores,
business premises, and siphoned gasoline from vehicles. Most of the
looters pretended to be rescue mission teams or security agents (Fenton
The Sandy hurricane caused sociological effects to its New York City
survivors, which may not be forgotten in the near future. This is
because the storm hit the most vulnerable members of the society,
especially in the overpopulated sections of the New City (Huang 1). The
majority of the people who died and their property destroyed were the
people of color, the elderly, and the low income populations that were
already subject to the risk health problems as a result of environmental
pollution. In addition, these populations were living in substandard
shelters and the hurricane forced over 400,000 of them look for shelter
in the housing authority of the New York City after the destruction of
their houses. It was estimated that about 53 people died in the New York
City alone while thousands of survivors were injured (Levs 1). The
psychological effect that these impacts (death, loss of property, and
injuries) caused by the hurricane on the vulnerable residents of New
York may affect survivors in the whole of their lives.
The Sandy hurricane caused several environmental effects that may last
affect the city residents for several years. FEMA (1) reported that the
Sandy hurricane deposited large amount of debris in residential and
business areas, which was part of environmental degradation caused by
strong winds and floods in the city. In addition, the storm destroyed
the trees that killed, injured several people, and locked transport
routes (Fox News Latino 1). Destruction of vegetation especially the
trees, may have long-term effects because trees will take a long time to
grow. Extensive moisture and growth of mold in residential and business
premises has been reported as one form of environmental pollution that
may have a direct effect on the health of residents of the New York
City. According to Huang (1) the moist conditions created in the indoors
by the Sandy hurricane encouraged the growth of fungi and bacteria,
which will continually subject the city residents to bacterial and
In conclusion, the Sandy hurricane was one of the deadliest storms in
the history of the United States, which caused significant economic,
sociological, and environmental impacts in the New York City. The
hurricane caused disproportionate effects on the New York City compared
to other places. Most surprisingly, the hurricane affects the
populations that were already vulnerable, thus subjecting them to more
challenging life experiences. The economic effects caused by the
hurricane include the destruction of homes, business premises,
infrastructure (such as subways and airports), and cars. The
sociological effects include the loss of lives, missing persons, and
impacts of being left homeless and dependent on relief. Environmental
effects include the deposition of large amount of debris, destruction of
vegetation, and creation of moist conditions that are optimum for growth
of fungi and bacteria.
FEMA. Hurricane Sandy: One year. FEMA. 28 October. 2013. Web. 9 December
Fenton, R. Glory hallelujah. New York Post. 1 November. 2012. Web. 9
Fox News Latino. Hurricane Sandy floods New York City. Fox News Network,
LLC. 30 October. 2012. Web. 9 December 2013.
Huang, A. Hurricane Sandy’s disproportionate impact on NYC’S most
vulnerable communities. Natural Resource Defense Council. November 15.
2012. Web. 9 December 2013.
Levs, J. Signs of progress, through damage and heartache remain after
Sandy. CNN. 1 November. 2012. Web. 9 December 2013.
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York City than other places.