Why the Egyptian revolution was an opportunity for the growth of

religious radicalism.
The Egyptian revolution that occurred in 2011 has several lessons from
which Egyptians and the international community can learn from. The
revolution was characterized by violent events such as riots,
demonstrations, plaza occupations, and civil resistance that were
agitated by political, economical, and social factors (Abdou 93).
Initial protests were stirred up by nationalism where individuals and
organizations of different religious and cultural backgrounds had the
common interests of fighting for social justice, freedom of all
Egyptians, and respect for human dignity, which had been violated by
autocratic regimes. Despite the high level of optimism held by Egyptians
prior to the revolution, the outcome of the event has given a promise of
further economic, social, and religious difficulties that the majority
of the revolutionists failed to forecast before demanding for human
rights through violence. Although the primary objectives of the Egyptian
revolution were positive, it aroused the emotions of many people and
motivated the growth of religious radicalization.
Analysis of the Egyptian revolution
The Egyptian revolution was conducted by individuals and organizations
of different religious, political, and economic backgrounds, but the
subsequent transition process took the religious alignment. The increase
in power of the Islamic groups posed the challenges of harmonizing
ideologies for the purpose of formulating a national vision that would
lead the country through political, economic, and social transition.
Research shows that the Egyptian revolution changed the initial focus of
Semitism from political to religious, which provides an opportunity for
religious, especially the Islamic radicalization to thrive (Hamid 199).
In addition, the first general election help after riots gave the
organized Islamic groups the political popularity compared to secular
groups and other religions. This was an opportunity for the progress of
radical and terrorist groups, which diverts the primary objective of
revolution to religious confrontations.
The Egyptian revolution has a special meaning to the majority, including
myself and the international community. This is because, the revolution
terminated what was perceived to be a tyrannical regime of Hosni
Mubarak, which the revolutionists characterized by corruption, police
cruelty, an increase in the cost of living, and deteriorating economic
conditions (Abdou 93). However, in my view, the revolution bears a
meaning in that it gave an opportunity for religious radicals to express
and exercise their extremism. In addition, the revolution ushered in the
period of power diffusion and power transition in Egypt. The aspect of
power diffusion presents a challenge to the new regimes since the
information age does not require the might of the military to win, but a
good story to tell the young revolutionists (Nye 1). This means that
Egypt will shift from the use of military force to rule to communicating
the right information to people through dialogue.
Personal impact
Although I appreciate democratic leaders, freedom of expression, and
respect for human rights that the revolutionists advocated for, the
Egyptian revolution had two negative impacts in my life. First, what was
started a peaceful demonstration ended with mass killing, robbery, and
gang rape. The series of crimes was traumatizing to all who watched.
Secondly, the overthrowing of the autocratic leadership was intended to
bring democracy, freedom, and respect of human rights, but this was an
opportunity for religious radicals that had been contained by the
leadership of Hosni Mubarak to thrive. The strengthening of the Islamic
radicals (such as the Muslim Brotherhood) jeopardized the process of
establishing a free democracy and enhancing transition and diffusion of
power. This was another source of fear about the future of Egypt and the
state of security in the era of Islamic extremism. This raises the doubt
as to whether democracy, freedom, and humanity will ever be realized in
Egypt.
Fighting for democratic leadership, freedom of expression, and human
rights is part of power transition, and diffusion, but there are other
impacts of the revolutionary process that may hinder the realization of
these goals. It was justifiable for religious, political, and social
groups to start the revolution with the objective of ending the
increasing cruelty of the police in Egypt and deteriorating economic
conditions, but the unforeseen forces of religious radicals were the
major threat to the achievement of the primary goals of the Egyptian
revolution. This means that a successful revolution should take account
of all potential impacts else the revolutionists should risk giving an
opportunity for established radials to exercise their extremism. In the
case of Egypt, the freedom, social, and political stability is still far
to be realized.
In conclusion, although the primary objectives of the Egyptian
revolution were positive, it aroused the emotions of many people and
motivated the growth of religious radicalization. The revolutionists
intended to bring the democratic leadership that would respect human
rights, give the Egyptians the freedom of expression, and economic
stability. The revolution was driven by individuals and organizations
from different religious and political backgrounds, but it provided an
opportunity for extremist organizations (such as the Muslim
Brotherhood), which had established structures to flourish. This is one
of the forces that the revolutionists failed to foresee, thus subjecting
Egypt to the risk of further religious, social, and economic
deterioration. The events that occurred during the revolution (including
the mass killings and rape) were the emotional arousing while the
increase in radicalization raises fears about the security status in
Egypt.
Works cited
Abdou, S. and Zaazou, Z. (2013). “The Egyptian revolution and post
socioeconomic impact”. Topics in Middle Eastern and African Economies
15.1 (2013): 92-114. Print.
Hamid, T. Understanding radical Islam. Cairo: Al-Azhar University, 2011.
Print.
Nye, S. The importance of Egypt’s revolution. Gazayerli Group. 28
January. 2018. Web. 29 January 2014.
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