Sampling Scheme for Peatland Restoration

Sampling Scheme for Peatland Restoration
Peatland drainage has devastating effects on the environment because not
only does it destroy the habitat of many species, but also deeply
stimulates climate change. During Peatland drainage underground organic
carbon is usually exposed to the air where it festers and becomes carbon
dioxide (Wilson et. al 2007). Restoration of peatlands may reduce
emission of green house gases and enhance re-colonization. Scotland has
over one fifth of its land mass as peatlands, which provide habitat to
numerous faunas and flora, and act as source of natural provisions that
offer advantages to all components of the nation (McCarter 2012).
Goal
The objective of this study is to know whether the Scottish Natural
Heritage can establish the impacts of Peatland restoration on carbon
dioxide emissions. The design will establish long term capacity for
restoration to enhance the reduction of carbon dioxide emissions. The
evaluation uses a convenient gas analyzer and a soil chamber to
determine the effect of peatlands restoration on the reduction of green
house gases.
Study sites
The study focuses on peatland areas in Scotland. The area is
characterized with a moderate weather that is highly variable, but not
severe. Precipitation varies across different areas, although the
western region is highly orographic. The eastern region of Scotland
receives below 870 mm of rainfall annually. The nation has a collection
of indigenous flora with various forms of ferns and lichens. The nation
has a well developed conservationist programme thus, the natural
heritage’s programme on restoration of peatlands may develop into a
permanent strategy for the nation’s flora (Soini et. al 2010)
Sensitivity model
A convenient infrared gas analyser that evaluates the level of green
house emission and a soil chamber that measures the PH-levels of soil
found in peatlands provide a critical analysis for the study (Fergie
2003). Furthermore, the sensitivity mode of the study is highly
significant, and each material or source used throughout the project is
highly important. The study will collect gas samples in the infrared
analyser and make conclusions based on the level of gas emitted during
restoration of peatlands. On the other hand, the study will monitor all
changes in the soil PH to determine whether peatlands rewetting will
have a significant effect in green house gas reduction in Scotland.
Sampling plan
Given the objective and process simulation for the project it is highly
likely to identify a sampling outline. The study will entail 10 tests
with each test taking about 5 minutes. An enclosed 10 cm width soil
compartment inverted vertically into peat measures the level of soil PH
(Kimmel & Mander 2010). The soil chamber established inside bare peat
and micro positions and traced at after every 5 minutes at 5, 10, and 20
cm deepness. The study establishes an infrared gas component for
evaluation of gas emitted during restoration. Further, the study will
collect data on CO2 daily from the gas analyser to determine the level
of gases emitted during the process. For comprehensive analysis, the
study uses an infrared gas component to evaluate the types of gases
emitted (Haapalehto et. al 2011). The study may extend the measurements
to include all seasons of weather, and to have a comprehensive gas
samples. For effectiveness, the study may increase gas measurement
periods during winter since the country may have low levels of flux. The
study records all temperatures within the chamber and the analyser at
each interval to determine the concentrations of CO2, CH4 and N2O
(Quinty & Rochefort 1997). The sampling and measurement plans of the
study provide insight as to the consequence of peatland restoration to
the country. In effect, the restoration greatly reduces green house gas
emissions (Charman 2002).
Bibliography
Charman, D, J, (2002), Peatlands and environmental change, Chichester,
West Sussex, England, J. Wiley.
Fergie, S, L, (2003), Assessing wetland restoration success and the
restoration of peatland vegetation following disturbance, Oxford, Oxford
University Press.
Haapalehto, T, O,, Vasander, H,, Jauhiainen, S,, Tahvanainen, T,, &
Kotiaho, J,S, (2011), The Effects Of Peatland Restoration On Water-Table
Depth, Elemental Concentrations, And Vegetation, 10 Years Of Changes,
Restoration Ecology, 19(5), 587-598.
Kimmel, K,, & Mander, U, (2010), Ecosystem Services Of Peatlands,
Implications For Restoration,  Progress in Physical Geography, 34(4),
491-514.
McCarter, C, (2012), The hydrology of the Bois-des-Bel bog peatland
restoration a tale of two scales, Waterloo, Ont, University of Waterloo.
Université Laval.
Soini, P,, Riutta, T,, Yli-Petäys, M,, & Vasander, H, (2010),
Comparison Of Vegetation And CO2 Dynamics Between A Restored Cut-Away
Peatland And A Pristine Fen, Evaluation Of The Restoration
Success, Restoration Ecology,18(6), 894-903.
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Wilson, D,, Tuittila, E,, Alm, J,, Laine, ,., Farrell, E, P,, & Byrne,
K, A, (2007), Carbon Dioxide Dynamics Of A Restored Maritime
Peatland. Ecoscience, 14(1), 71-80.
SAMPLING SCHEME FOR PEATLAND RESTORATION
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