Examine the Role of Risk Management within the Homeland Security Enterprise
Homeland security has got five missions in its quest of maintain national security namely:
Preventing terrorism and enhancing security Securing and managing our borders Enforcing and administering immigration laws Safeguarding and securing cyberspace and Ensuring resilience to disasters
The principles set and objectives set per item are well illustrated and will assist in implementing risk management for the citizens against any security threats. Homeland security classifies its mission and goals through three categories namely security, resilience and customs and exchange.
According to U.S. Department of Homeland Security, homeland security tries to protect the United States and its people, vital interests, and way of life and relies on ways to prevent and deter attacks by identifying and interdicting threats, denying hostile actors the ability to operate within our borders, and protecting the Nation`s critical infrastructure and key resources.
Protection and security of the people is an important step since in the `global systems`, `people, goods, and data around the globe` are moved and this `facilitate the movement of dangerous people, goods, and data within these` global systems, through points of origin and transfer, or border crossings.
Therefore, to avert any threat or risk to our homeland security, according to U.S. Department of Homeland, engagement of international allies and employing the full breadth national capacity from the Federal Government, to State, local, tribal, and territorial police, other law enforcement entities, the Intelligence Community, and the private sector should be widely involved.
This is the ability to adapt to change and in this context to adapt to risks or hazards associated with emerging daily threats. The world has got numerous supply chains where essential elements of economic prosperity — people, goods and resources, money, and information — all flow and poses vulnerability to the citizens.
The consequences of events are no longer confined to a single point a disruption in one place can ripple through the system and have immediate, catastrophic, and multiplying consequences across the country and around the world. Despite our best efforts, some attacks, accidents, and disasters will occur.
In this regard the most important thing is to develop a society which is `robust, adaptable, and has the capacity for rapid recovery` hence the affected individuals whether government, private sector or families should build the capacity to withstand disruption, absorb or tolerate disturbance, know their role in a crisis, adapt to changing conditions, and grow stronger over time.
From U.S. Department of Homeland, there is still a challenge on how to deal with security issues and how to best meet the challenges of helping our citizens prepare psychologically and materially for attacks and disasters that do occur. There is increasing cases of security threats and emergence of new technology calls for the renewed efforts to look at our ways of having resilience.
Customs and Exchange:
According to U.S. Department of Homeland, what should be immediately ameliorated is enforcement of legal trade, travel, and immigration by homeland security. The partners and stakeholders of the homeland security enterprise are responsible for facilitating and expediting the lawful movement of people and goods into and out of the United States. Strengthening our economy and promoting lawful trade, travel, and immigration must include security and resilience, just as security and resilience must include promoting a strong and competitive U.S. economy, welcoming lawful immigrants, and protecting civil liberties and the rule of law. Homeland security aid in dealing with security issues through customs and exchange chains by reinforcing actions such as screening, authenticating, and maintaining awareness of the flow of people, goods, and information around the world and across US borders.
U.S. Department of Homeland Security. 2010. Quadrennial homeland security review report: A strategic framework for a secure homeland. Washington, DC: Government Printing: 15-17 Office. http://www.dhs.gov/xlibrary/assets/qhsr_report.pdf (Accessed August 10, 2012)