Job, Position, and Class Description

Job, Position, and Class Description
Job descriptions are the duties, responsibilities, and expected
outcomes of a certain job are an organization. The job description also
includes the qualifications of the job and the expected relationship
between an individual and co-workers. Job descriptions are developed
through job analysis, which informs the management on the tasks that an
individual at a particular position is required to perform (Kandula,
2003). These are the determiners of the qualifications that an
individual ought to have for the position. Effective job descriptions
also cover information on skills, facilities, and working conditions and
environments that facilitate the accomplishment of tasks. This covers
the responsibilities of an entire department in an organization. For
example, the job description of the marketing department is to ensure
brand visibility. The general requirements would be to have
qualifications in marketing.
Position descriptions on the other hand are the details of the
position by describing the position, its objectives, goals, experience,
knowledge, responsibilities, and outcomes. These relate to the
competencies of the person required for the position. This closely
relates to the tasks, and duties for each position. Thus, position
description relates to the tasks carried out by individuals in a
department, as opposed to the general activities of an entire department
(Kandula, 2003). Position descriptions also have titles for each
position, as opposed to job descriptions that are generalized. For
example, in a marketing department, there may be the position of
creative personnel. The position description will involve coming up with
creative ways of creating brand recognition.
Class description is the classification of several positions with
similar responsibilities, qualifications, payment, and can share a
title, though the title may be more specific so as to indicate
individual positions. Thus, it is a broad description of the general
duties of the class under description. This then uses words such as
‘may perform certain duties,’ to describe the duties (Kandula,
2003). For example, clerks in a marketing department have similar
general duties which cover the class of a clerk. These offer the overall
duties of the position of a clerk.
Kandula, S, R. (2003). HYPERLINK
Human Resource Management in practice . Delhi: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.