Instructor`s Coursework

HAMLET
(1) a. Uncertainty of truth in a world of spiritual ambiguity
b. The appearance of the ghost was already expected. But when finally the ghost appeared, his appearance sent terrifying emotions to the men.
c. Yes. It introduces a message of hope by letting the reader believe that everyone can be a hero.
(2) a. The King`s speech is being offensive. He was suggesting to Hamlet to forget about his father. He was trying to insult Hamlet for still mourning about his father`s death.
b. Naming Laertes four times is Claudius way of emphasizing how he needs Laertes` father “as much as the mouth needs the hand in order to be fed”.
c. In Shakespeare`s time, when kings or queens represented their countries and talked about public issues, they used the royal “we” when dealing w/private matters, they used “I.”
(3) This reveals Hamlet`s powerful qualities. His conversation with Horatio shows that Hamlet knows Horatio as an educated man thus Hamlet respects him.
(4) Polonius advice to Laertes was a sound one. The advice which states that “To thine own self be true” is something that must be inculcated in our own life. We must not allow others to dictate us rather we should live our life just as how we want it, a life with a purpose. Polonius words to Ophelia were meant to tell her to be tender and dearly to herself
(5) The speech was more about self-pity as well as depression.
(6) Hamlet addressed villainy with scornfulness. He said “Villainy! Ho! Let the door be locked: Treachery! Seek it out.” Later in the scene, Hamlet grew angrier and expressed himself in a crueler demeanor.
(7) Polonius is characterized as a distinctive Renaissance “new man”, who has most of his attention to ceremonious behaviour and appearances. Some adaptations show him conspiring with Claudius in the murder of King Hamlet.
(8) Ophelia`s words were understandable. Ophelia states that Hamlet grabs her and stares down vigorously. Hamlet also circles Ophelia awkwardly. She is very concerned and scared by Hamlet`s behavior.
(9) Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are courtiers whom the king sends to search out Hamlet, using their claimed friendship with him to achieve his confidence. They are comic in a way because they were like puppets of the king who constantly monitors Hamlet.
(10) Pyrrhus is the son of Achilles who was killed by Paris during Trojan War. Pyrrhus wants vengeance for his father`s death. Thus it can be said that Pyrrhus is more like Hamlet.
(11) The First Player`s speech aims to distinguish it from the poetry of the play itself.
(12) The play is a dramatization of the difficulties of any action – of making the decision to act or not to act. Hamlet did not have any proof of his uncle`s guilt – only a ghost which may be an evil temptation and not really his father`s spirit. He does not want to act if the ghost is nothing but his own distorted desire for power.
(13) Hamlet`s indecisiveness is a common theme throughout the play, which is again represented in extract one. Hamlet claims `I did love you once` yet almost immediately retracts this assertion, saying `I loved you not`, unrequitedly toying with Ophelia`s heart and mind.
(14) Hamlet may very well be projecting the anger he has for his mother to Ophelia. Hamlet envisions in his mind that somewhere somehow, Ophelia will be in similar position as Gertrude was when her husband passed away. It is apparent that Hamlet lost trust in his mother when she married his uncle and Hamlet is merely guarding himself from pain. Hamlet says “Frailty, thy name is woman.” This offers an insight that Hamlet views all women as the same. Hamlet blamed his mother for the love lost interest in Ophelia.
(15) I would not want Hamlet to kill Claudius when the man appears to not facing him and is praying. First, killing someone behind his back is a cowardly act. Second, killing is an inhumane act.
(16) The ghost`s accusation of Hamlet`s almost blunted purpose was not fair. The ghost stated this in reference to Hamlet`s refusal to kill the king at his prayers.
(17) In Act 3, Hamlet was very enthusiastic about the players` performance that night. However when it comes to Ophelia, Hamlet continues to berate her. He also continues to speak foul languages against Claudius.
(18) When Gertrude mentioned that Hamlet is mad, she was aware that indeed Hamlet was angry. When Gertrude believes that Hamlet is mad, she was no longer ashamed and instead tried to understand her son`s situation. Hamlet was mad because he felt betrayed when Gertrude decided to marry his uncle. However Gertrude feels sad that his son was mad at him.
(19) Hamlet cannot hope to keep the crime and has no intention of hiding it. Hamlet tells his mother “I will bestow him and will answer well the death I gave him.” It would then appear that his primary intention was to annoy and harass Rosencrantz, Guildenstern, and Claudius who are looking for the body to give it a decent burial.
(20). Hamlet was willing to go to England to escape the murder of Polonius.
(21) Ophelia is torn between two contradictory poles. Her father and brother believe that Hamlet would use her, that he would take her virginity and throw it away because she could never be his wife. Her heart has convinced her that Hamlet loved her, though he swears he never did. To her father and brother, Ophelia is the eternal virgin, the vessel of morality whose purpose is to be a dutiful wife and steadfast mother. To Hamlet, she is a sexual object, a corrupt and deceitful lover. With no mother to guide her, she has no way of deciphering the contradictory expectations.
(22) The scene illustrates Hamlet`s views on death with his treatment and description of the skull and everything as well as his obsession with the physicality of people, objects. If the gravedigger scene was omitted, the most important thing that would be lost is the revelation that the gravedigger was hired on the day Hamlet was born.
(23) In Shakespeare`s play there are traces of Hamlet as an intriguer. But in Shakespeare`s play, interestingly, most of Hamlet`s intriguing comes to nothing.
(24) This passage means that life has a lot more to offer than just plain human experience.
(25) Yes. Laertes took advantage of the situation. He was going to stab Hamlet but Hamlet took possession of the weapon and realized that Laertes was a traitor and that Laertes planned to betray him.
(26) Fortinbras was often cut in the play. Overall, Fortinbras was supposed to utter 23 lines.
(27) It was not ridiculous to give Hamlet a soldier`s funeral. I would agree with Fortinbras that Hamlet was worthy of a military funeral. As Fortinbras honors Hamlet, proclaiming his royalty. It would have been better though if Hamlet was given a Royal funeral for her was a prince and he is regal.
A RAISIN IN THE SUN
(1) Harlem was a good choice for a title because the poet laureate was of the Harlem Renaissance and Hughes was deeply involved in and concerned with the Harlem community, a community which was composed of one of the largest black populations in the country.
(2) A Raisin in the Sun by Lorraine Hansberry embodies the quintessential human contradiction of dream vs. reality. If I were to give an alternative title for the poem, it would “Fruit of Life”.
(3) The characters become consumed by their dreams and make decisions they might not ordinarily make because they are so frustrated by their lack of fulfillment.
(4) A Raisin in the Sun depicted the challenges of a Black family against its own internal problems as it is intensified by white racism. The daily human challenges of family responsibility and love become harsher struggles in the face of urban poverty and the cold of white racism. There is also reflection and sharing of denigrating experiences of being trapped in low-skilled occupations due to racism.
(5) WALTER: [W]e have decided to move into our house because my father — my father — he earned it for us brick by brick. We don`t want to make no trouble for nobody or fight no causes, and we will try to be good neighbors. And that`s all we got to say about that. We don`t want your money.
Walter uttered these words to Mr. Lindner after knowing that his venture in the liquor store has been stolen. Some family members disagree with Walter`s decision to recognize Mr. Lindner`s buyout however Walter, standing stiff, decides that he will take control of the situation. Walter`s refusal requires him to shift his priorities.
(6) Throughout A Raisin in the Sun, characters connect money to discussions of race. Mama says, “Once upon a time freedom used to be life — now its money. I guess the world really does change.” Walter grew up being “free” in the way that Mama means, but he faced other problems, such as the lack of financial and social freedom that he talks about here.
(7) Money is life because it is what sustains us. Through money, we are able to purchase the food we need to keep our body strong. Through money, we are able to enjoy the comforts of life. Through money, we can get a good education, live in a comfortable, have a vacation in other places, and have fun all the time. On the other hand, money in general is not everything we need. There are things that money cannot buy such as good values and love. These are things that are earned through interaction with others. They are for free – freely given and freely received.
(8) “There is always something left to love” – This passage urges us to be more appreciative to life. As humans we tend to dwell on material things. When we fail to accomplish and obtain the things we want, we tend to wallow in self-pity. The passage reminds us, that when things become hopeless, we can always find reasons to be hopeful again as long as we have the people around us to love us and for us to love them in return.
(9) A Raisin in the Sun plays a few weeks in the life of an African-American family, the Youngers, who live on the Southern part of Chicago. The Youngers faced discrimination because of their skin color. The family receives an insurance check amounting to $10000. The family plans out on what to do with the money. The mother wishes to buy a house. Walter wants to invest in a liquor business because he believes that this business will be an answer to the financial problems of the family. Ruth, Walter`s wife agrees with the mother. Beneatha, Walter`s sister, wants to go to medical school. Many events happened in the story such as Walter`s losing the money to his friend because of a failed investment in liquor. Beneatha rejected her suitor who wanted her to finish her medicine degree and go to Africa with him.
(10) The venerable appeal of A Raisin in the Sun lies in the reality that the family`s dreams and aspirations for a better life are not limited to their race, but can be identified with by people of all backgrounds. Even though what that “better life” may look like is different for each character, the underlying motivation is universal. The story is very inspirational and it is something that everyone can learn from.
(11) A Raisin in the Sun illustrates ordinary Americans who were black – and explores how the reality of their race restricts them from achieving their dreams. Simply put, A Raisin in the Sun demonstrates how race can make difficult the American Dream. For the most part, however, race is a dormant backdrop in the play this allows Hansberry to craft a universally appealing tale and allows us to understand the precise influence of race in one family`s life.
(12) The American Dream is about one`s desire to live a good life in America, the desire to be accepted in a white community regardless of gender or race or skin color.
(13) The American Dream that I have is the same with the characters. I believe that achieving one`s dream should not be limited to being able to live in America. No race or place should get in the way of fulfilling the dreams. As long as there is determination and extreme focus on the tasks to be accomplished, dreams can be achieved.
(14) Having one`s own home in America is one fulfillment of an American Dream. It enables one to have a sense of belongingness to a community.
(15) People all have the same dreams or desires in life. Everyone wants a comfortable and fulfilled life. Everyone desires friendships, love, and acceptance. Everyone desires a good job and a greater stream of income. The only thing that differs is in the way people prioritize their desires and place values on these things.
(16)
This would be my choice of photograph. This image shows a happy African-American family. This is one best example of a fulfillment of the American Dream.
OEDIPUS THE KING
(1) What makes Oedipus a good leader is, primarily, his ego. He is so self assure, at the beginning at least, that he believes that he can fix everything in Thebes. One example of him stroking his ego for a lack of better way of saying it is when he says his first lines in the play, “Children, you modern brood of Cadmus old” and “known far and wide by name” (Sophocles 1)
(2) In order to find Oedipus` guilt or innocence, one must realize what things Oedipus was aware of when he did the alleged crimes. Oedipus was aware of the reality that he was killing a man, which makes him completely guilty of murder. This is confirmed by the belief that Oedipus would have killed any individual that would have crossed his path in the way that his father turned out to. Therefore, Oedipus decided to kill a man, the fact that he was committing patricide and regicide was merely a coincidence. However, the fact that he ended up wedding his mother was something that he could have had no knowledge of his doing, and he didn`t act in a criminal manner when he “claimed” his prize for answering the sphinx`s answer, thus he was not guilty of the incest that he only committed because of fate`s intervention in his situation.
(3) In Sophocles` King Oedipus, Teiresias, the blind prophet, shows the truth to King Oedipus. Oedipus was blinded to the truth about his life. When he does realize the truth, he loses his physical vision. Because of the truth, Oedipus blinds himself. The blindness completed the tragedy for Oedipus. For Oedipus, this tragedy was discovering the truth and becoming blind.
(4) Oedipus is caught in a world of true human nature. Oedipus lives his life in free will to select which course to take yet he fears to know the truth. Oedipus states “I ran from someplace where I would never see come true outrages like those predicted for me. But my flight carried me to just the place where you say that the king was killed”.
(5) Gods can appear evil at times. In the play “Oedipus the King”, Sophocles denigrated the
Gods` character, and lowered their status by making them appear injurious. The gods were viewed as humans who also got mad, fought, and developed grudges against each other.
(6) The choral odes provided a variety of information to help the people in understanding the performance. It also functioned to express the themes.
(7) Sophocles` work was far from reality today. Perhaps if there is one thing in the story that highly exists today, it is the people`s tendency to be blinded by the truth.
(8) Justice, arrogance, and conflicts among men and women were the dominant themes. The ending of the story made me realize a lot of things. Men`s journey is led by fate. Despite the fact that the two former plays concerning Oedipus frequently mention the subject of an individual`s moral accountability for their purpose, and whether it is likely to rebel contrary to intention, Oedipus is able to address it openly. Oedipus strongly positions that he is not accountable for the actions he was destined to commit.
Sources
Hansberry, Lorraine. “A raisin in the sun.” Writing 9 (1959): 16.
Shakespeare, William. The tragedy of Hamlet, prince of Denmark. DC Heath & Company, 1902.
Sophocles, Evangelinus Apostolides. Oedipus the king. Filiquarian Publishing, LLC., 2006.