Depression and Personality Theory
Beck’s cognitive therapy is pegged on Beck’s theory which proposes
that depression is caused by three things namely self worth, the
environment, and the future. Depressions result from a negative view of
oneself in his or her environment and a bleak view of the future. This
results in hopelessness because the person views himself or herself as
not being fit for society (McLeod, 2008). The person blames him or
herself for any deficiencies in their life. Beck’s therapy is
effective in therapy because therapy involves helping a patient to
change his view of himself and the world around him. Thus, it involves
creating a positive self- image. Thus, the focus is on the cognitive,
which is the basis for developing a poor self- image.
Irene is a twenty three year old girl. She comes from a middle income
family, and she has always had a good upbringing. Although she did not
have a privileged upbringing, she had a comfortable life. Irene is a
beautiful girl, and she has always received admiration from her peers.
In addition to this, she is an above average student, and she has never
had to struggle much in her education. She has always had things fall in
place without much effort.
However, Irene recently completed her college studies and finding a job
has been hard because most employers think she is not qualified for the
available positions. Additionally, her boyfriend recently broke up with
her for another girl who is not even college educated and whom,
according to Irene is not as beautiful as her. These two events have
left Irene devastated, and she is depressed. Cognitive therapy is
suitable for Irene because she needs to have a positive image of
herself. This would restore a positive image of herself and her
capabilities. This is because her depression is due to a negative self-
image and hopelessness for the future (McLeod, 2008).
My interpersonal style follows Sullivan’s theory, which states that
human behavior is formed from interactions with other people. The
personality of a person emerges from interactions with other people
(Magnavita, 2012). These interactions result in reactions, which form
the basis of personality. Human nature is based on the principle of
maximizing pleasure and reducing pain. This describes the desire by
people to avoid those situations that result in discomfort. According to
Sullivan, human beings are interdependent and thus, most cases of
maximizing pleasure come from interactions with others. These
interactions are mutually satisfying and thus, they result in pleasure
and reduction of anxiety.
My interpersonal have been affected, by the need to have friends whom I
can count on at all times. These are people whom I can interact with at
any time and do so freely without fear of being judged. Additionally, we
share common interests, and this increases pleasure when we are having a
good time because we are able to find different ways of maximizing
pleasure. Sometimes, these interactions result in conflicts, which we
solve amicably because conflicts reduce pleasure and increase anxiety
(Magnavita, 2012). Those relationships that do not result in pleasure
are quickly terminated because they cause discomfort.
These styles are consistent with Sullivan’s theory because the
interaction styles are based on mutual benefits. In addition to
benefits, these interactions enable me to learn to overlook some aspects
of my personality, which can result in anxiety. These interactions also
enable me to bring my unique personality and blend it with that of my
peers for maximum pleasure. Through interactions, other aspects of my
personality have been revealed, which were not visible in the past. This
is in accordance to Sullivan’s theory, which holds that interactions
are crucial in the formation of personalities (Magnavita, 2012).
Magnavita, J.J. (2012). HYPERLINK
“_new” Theories of personality . San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education,
McLeod, S. (2008). “Cognitive Behavioral Therapy” SimplyPsychology.
New York: Simply Psychology.
DEPRESSION AND PERSONALITY THEORY PAGE * MERGEFORMAT 4
DEPRESSION AND PERSONALITY THEORY PAGE * MERGEFORMAT
Depression and Personality Theory