Declaration of Independence and the Constitution

Which section of each document (Declaration and Constitution) is most
intriguing for you? Why?
The Independence Declaration and the writing of the constitution are
some of the most important hallmarks in the history of America. These
events formed the basis of the modern American society and all
historical events. In the Declaration of rights, the Virginia
declaration of rights is very intriguing because this formed the basis
for the overall declaration of human rights. This section was drafted by
the government of Virginia for the people of Virginia, but it ended up
informing the declaration of human rights of the American society. This
is intriguing because it shows how a single society’s vision can be
the basis of policy formulation for a whole society. In modern America,
human rights are some of the most significant features of society and
this culture can be traced back to the Virginia declaration of rights.
Ideologically, the Virginia declaration was also the basis in the growth
of democracy.
In the constitution, the section on the powers of the court is very
intriguing. During the drafting of the constitution, the vision was to
have a supreme court that would not wield much power. The judiciary was
meant to be a weak institution whose duty would mainly be to interpret
the constitution (Ginsberg et al. 88). However, the Supreme Court has
become one of the most influential constitutional bodies in America.
This court has made precedents, and its ruling is always final. The
court makes final decisions and to overrule them would need a
constitutional change. This is intriguing because it means that
decisions by a single arm of government can lead to a historical event.
Which section of each document (Declaration and Constitution) is most
confusing? Why?
In the Declaration, the section on why the United States wished to
detach itself from Britain is most confusing. The main reason cited was
how the king of Britain had repeatedly injured the people of America. In
the Declaration, the legislators seemed convinced that the King is the
one who made unanimous decisions that affected Americans. However, the
legislators also believed that the oppression they faced was caused by
the people of Britain. This confuses because it is not clear on whom the
American people believed was responsible for their suffering. In the
constitution, the section 1 of Article III is confusing because it
states that the judicial powers are vested on the Supreme Court and any
courts established by congress. This seems to contradict the Supreme
Court, which is said to have the overall authority (Ginsberg et al.
118). The congress seems to have parallel powers in judicial matters to
those of the Supreme Court. This is confusing because it shows that the
principle of separation of powers is not very clear. It seems as though
the congress has control over the judiciary, and this is contradictory
with the principle of separation of powers.
Identify one passage in the U.S. Constitution that you think is the most
important to ensure the proper functioning of American government and
society.
The American constitution is important to the government and the
American society because it is the basis of governance. Section 2 of
Article II is fundamental to the proper functioning of the American
government and society. The section states “The president shall have
Power, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, to make
Treaties, provided two thirds of the Senators present concur and he
shall nominate, and by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate,
shall appoint Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, Judges of
the supreme Court, and all other Officers of the United States, whose
Appointments are not herein otherwise provided for, and which shall be
established by Law: but the Congress may by Law vest the Appointment of
such inferior Officers as they think proper, in the President alone, in
the Courts of Law, or in the Heads of Departments” (Ginsberg et al.
219).
This passage is important because it ensures that the president does
not make unanimous decisions, which may be detrimental to society. It
also protects the society from dictatorship because the president cannot
make decisions alone. He needs the support of senate, which is a
representative of the opinions of the society as senators are elected
members. This ensures that the government is accountable to the people,
and the society is protected from poor decisions. This passage also
ensures that the government functions because it requires a two thirds
majority for decisions to be made and not an overall consent.
Works Cited
Ginsberg, Lowi, Weir, and Tolbert. We the People: An Introduction to
American Politics. Shorter 9th ed. New York: W.W. Norton & Company,
2013. Print.
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