Article Critique

The article “The perils of copy and paste: Plagiarism in scientific
publishing” discusses how plagiarism constitutes research misconduct.
In addition, the article outlines reasons that have enhanced development
of the vice as well as, techniques that researchers are using to
control the vice. Throughout the article, the author focuses on
providing reasons regarding the reasons scientific researchers’
plagiarize. The author hypothesizes that the role of scientific journals
is improving the knowledgebase in their target field therefore, editors
have a responsibility of ensuring that authors do not publish incorrect,
fraudulent or unethical research. The author asserts that publication of
plagiarized content is undesirable because it damages the reputation of
authors, journal publishers and scientific research field. Moreover, the
article claims that plagiarism is a major problem that is affecting even
reputed authors. The author proves that plagiarism has drastically
increased through providing evidence that research withdrawal has risen
ten times higher in within the last decade (Horrom, 2012). He quotes the
Fanelli report that asserts, 34% of researchers confessed to using
contentious research techniques when drawing critical conclusions. The
author observes that plagiarism is unnecessary because researchers have
numerous platforms they can use to avoid the vice. For example, he
states that authors can acquire permission from copyright owners prior
to republishing their work. Moreover, researchers can use appropriate
referencing method to indicate that they have borrowed some information
in their research from previous studies. Horrom (2012) main idea is that
scientific research misconduct is a rampant problem that requires
combined effort of both authors and journal publishers. The author
claims that research misconduct exists in a variety of forms such as
falsification and fabrication of data as well as, plagiarism. He
further notes that the introduction of computer technology, increased
number of scientific journals and improved participation of developing
countries in research studies has increased the number of researchers
using controversial techniques to draw conclusions (Smith & Jones,
2012). He concludes that editors should screen studies from all authors
for plagiarism before publishing, irrespective of their reputation
because the problem is affecting all researchers.
In the article, “Plagiarism is not OK,” the author criticizes abuse
of copyright that result when an individual uses other people’s
proprietary ideas as his or her own without relevant authorization. The
article also focuses on explaining authors can borrow ideas without
violating the copyrights of other people. The author attempts to provide
an answer on the reasons that make many people plagiarize other
people’s ideas. The publication hypothesizes that plagiarism is an
undesirable vice that people can avoid violating by using appropriate
methods for indicating that they have borrowed the proprietary ideas
from other sources, such as, using in-texts and references (Thomas,
2013). In addition, the article aims at evaluating various circumstances
that may result in plagiarism. The author asserts that plagiarism has
existed for numerous centuries, but the introduction of computer
technology has worsened the condition since it is possible to
copy-paste. However, he concludes that people who engage in plagiarism
do so deliberately since computers have applications that can help
writers to identify plagiarized sections. The author proves that
plagiarism has been a common problem in literary art for many centuries.
He gives evidence of prevalence of plagiarism in the sixteenth century
since Ben Johnson, a playwright, derived the term from a Greek word
“plagiary” when describing the violation of his ownership rights
after unauthorized people used his published ideas as if they are theirs
(Isaacs, 2011). He also observes that many people who plagiarize the
work of others engage in the crime deliberately because writers have
methods of avoiding infringing on the copyrights of other authors such
as acknowledging the ownership of unique material. In addition, people
using computers can use plagiarism-detecting software to identify
plagiarized sections. The article also claims that plagiarism is legal,
but it is unethical. This explains the reason people who engage in the
vice may lose their employment opportunity or become subject to public
ridicule. Isaacs (2011) main ideas were that plagiarism is centuries’
old vice that has escalated since the introduction of computer
technology. However, authors can avoid plagiarism using computer
applications.
Reflection
When evaluating these articles, I was thinking of reasons that make
researchers cheat and strategies that scientific research stakeholders
should use to discourage professionals from engaging in plagiarism.
Identifying reasons that make people cheat was easy, but identifying
techniques to discourage them was challenging. This is because people
cheat for different reasons such as the inability to develop unique
research approach, lack of knowledge and determination for earning
recognition as a researcher among others. Each category of people in
these classes needs distinct method for discouraging them from engaging
in cheating habits. In order to determine suitable methods for
discouraging scientific researchers from engaging in research
misconduct, I determined the main reasons that make them cheat. I
deduced that the reasons for cheating vary from one person to another.
This makes it essential for stakeholders in the research field to
develop one database where all the research journals can upload all
authenticated studies they publish. Overall, I discovered that
plagiarism exist in different forms. Educators can make help students
accomplish this assignment with greater convenience if they can make it
group work. Students can share the reasons they cheat and what could
make them refrain from this unethical behavior. This way, students can
have a better understanding of the subject as well as, suggest suitable
methods they can use to tackle plagiarism problem.
I identified the facts stated in these sources as reliable because the
authors use qualitative sources to justify credibility of the facts. In
addition, the articles are from trusted and factual databases that
publish authenticated empirical data. The purpose of both The Journal of
Paediatrics and Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development aim is
informing readers without swaying their beliefs. This makes them
credible sources. In addition, the author of “Plagiarism is not OK”
is a professor and researcher at Westmead Children’s Hospital. On the
other hand, Tristan A. Horrom is an Editor of Journal of Rehabilitation
Research & Development. This means that these authors have vast
experience in their fields of specialization.
References
Isaacs, D. (2011). Plagiarism is Not OK. Journal of Paediatrics and
Child Health, 47 (159).
Horrom, T. A. (2012). The perils of copy and paste: Plagiarism in
scientific publishing. Journal Of Rehabilitation Research & Development,
49(8), vii-xii.
Smith, W., & Jones, D. (2012). Plagiarism Around the World: Case Studies
from Europe and          Asia. Atlantic Pacific, 34(6),
51-53.
Thomas, N. ( 2013) What Cheating Does to Our Brains.  Journal of
Irreproducible Results  302(1): 56-64
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